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Enhanced Proactive Planning Approach: A Crucial to an Improved Workers’ Safety in Western Nigeria Small Scale Industry

H.O. Adeyemi, O.O. Akinyemi, A.I. Musa, B.J. Olorunfemi
Transactions of the VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Safety Engineering Series
2016, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 29-35
Doi: 10.1515/tvsbses-2016-0014
This study evaluated managements’ proactive planning approach (PPA) to enhance safety among workers in South-western Nigeria small scale industry (SSI). The main objective was to rate the managements’ efforts at eliminating risk among their employees. By worker participatory and psychological survey approach, three tools were used; workplace observation (visual), management safety culture (questionnaire) and managers interviews (oral). The survey included 200 workers, 120 supervisors and 80 managers, in 82 SSI. Four steps to a safety proactive action plans (PAP), (looking for clues, prioritization of identified potential hazard, making improvements to eliminate the risk and follow up), were rated by employees on a scale from 0 to 5. Paired t-test was used to appraise the significant difference between the managers’ mean scores rated by the supervisors and other workers. 77.1% of workers and 64.2% supervisors rated their managers as either “not done at all” or “poorly done”. Workers’ scores for managers PPA had statistically significantly lower ratings (mean=1.09, SEM = 0.22) compared to that of the supervisors rating (mean= 1.55, SEM = 0.32), with t (14) = -1.185, p = 0.784. There is a closed poor performance perception gaps, of managers’ PPA, of the two groups of employees. It can be concluded that safety is not emphasized, by managers of SSI, as overriding priority and this may have contributed to high reported injuries among their workforce. Courses to enhance managements’ understanding for inclusion of safety among the leading priorities becomes necessary. This will reduce work-related risks and promotes occupational safety and health among the group of workers.
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